Acronym: a word formed from the first letter or first few letters of each word in a phrase or title and sometimes pronounced as a word. NASA is pronounced as a word and is the acronym for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. FBI is pronounced by its letters and is an acronym for Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Alliteration: A group of words that all begin with the same sound.
Peter Piper picked a peck of pepper pickles.
Antonym: a word with a meaning that is opposite to the meaning of another word. Love is the antonym of hate. Happy is the antonym of sad.
Euphemism: a milder word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.
Spinning tales can be an euphemism for lying.
Homonyms: a word that is said or spelled the same way as another word but has a different meaning.
Write, right, and rite are homonyms.
Duck (noun) and duck (verb) are homonyms.
Metaphor: a word or phrase that is used as a symbol to make a direct comparison between two people, animals, things, places, or a combination of any two of these. A metaphor makes a stronger statement than a simile does by stating something “is” something else.
The king is a dragon today.
The raindrops were arrows.
Oxymoron: A phrase composed of two words with contradictory meanings.
Jumbo shrimp. Act naturally. Original copy.
Pun: A play on words that relies on a word’s having more than one meaning or sounding like another word.
A good pun has its own reword.
Horses are stable animals.
Simile: a figure of speech in which two un-similar things or people are compared by using “like” or “as” to connect the comparison.
The knight was as brave as a panther.
The dragon danced like a feather in the wind.
Synonyms: a word that has the same meaning as another word. Big, large, huge, and giant are synonyms.
Small, miniature, little, and tiny are synonyms.
Personification: a figure of speech in which a something non-human is given a human quality. The non-human objects are portrayed in such a way that we feel they have the ability to act like human beings.
The unicorn sang in triumph.
Flowers danced in the breeze.
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